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The two texts Grapes of Wrath and Black Elk Speaks both include moments of anonymous forces imposing systematic modernization on society. Through the controversial subject of societal rebirths, traditionally defined through employment and steady food source availability. I propose an approach to societal rebirths that emphasizes the importance of spiritual connection to the land through a critical analysis of Bakhtin’s theory of chronotope and Leopold’s theory of land ethic.
Systematic Modernization, Chronotope, Land Ethic, Relocation, Cultural Displacement, Societal Rebirth
American Literature | American Studies | Literature in English, North America
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Rothstein, Lauren, "Societal Rebirth: The Importance of Spirituality" (2018). English Department: Traveling American Modernism Posters (ENG 366, Fall 2018). 13.