This page includes photographs of several different ceremonial events.
There are pictures of haiumu, a game that was played at night by children. There are two sides, often girls against boys. The game kind of reminded of kick-the-can. It was loosely associated with some mild romance, as part of the game was to capture opponents and hold them.
There was a ceremony, the mautolotolo, in which at night people visit the house of a fostered child. The visitors sing a song, which if sung perfectly, requires a reward. I was told the practice came from Kiribati (the Gilbert Islands).
There was a birthday party on Sikaiana in 1980.
During the 1980s, there were various sports teams in Honiara that competed in different sports leagues. A woman’s netball team and a men’s tennis team are seen below. These sports teams continue at present (2021).
There are pictures of a ceremonial exchange associated with friendships (soa). After the conversion to Christianity, a traditional ceremony was introduced in which a young girl and boy were designated as ceremonial friends. This ceremony might have been a replacement of the traditional practice of arranged marriages (aavana puluna) in which young children were betrothed. These arranged marriages were discontinued after the conversion to Christianity in the 1930s. The ceremonial friends were accompanied by a practice in which the family of one of friends would secretly prepare food to present to the other friend. The receiving family was expected to return food. The idea was to surprise the receiving family, although sometimes, the secret was revealed the receiving family might be prepared with a huge counter presentation. There could be several presentations and counter-presentations. The exchanges are somewhat competitive. These pictures were all taken on Sikaiana, although there were occasions when this ceremony was done in Honiara.
There are some pictures of school dances.
During News Years, there is a traditional of taking the grime from the bottom of cooking pots, sneaking up behind a person and rubbing the dirt over his/her face.
When the Prime Minister, Solomon Mamaloni visited Sikaiana in 1983, there were several ceremonies performed in honor of his visit. There was a re-enactment of the Teika Lle(e) when he first arrived. Then there was a performance of the Manea, a traditional ceremony to rebuild the ritual house (Hale Aitu). John Kilatu was dressed as the chief (Aliki) and Fane Telena was dressed as his female assistant, (the Sapai Ulu).
During holidays, people move from area to area singing and dancing along the main village path along the shoreline, where most houses are located. This is hakamolomoli.
Some Sikaiana people believe that after a sudden accident or fall, a person can lose their inner spirit (manu). People go to the cite of the fall, place cloth and blankets to recapture the spirit and then place the cloth over the person who had the accident to reunite the spirit. The picture shows a group bringing the lost manu back to a little girl who had a bad fall.
There are pictures of a group of young women singing and dancing along the shore.
Christmas Eve, choir singers go from house to house singing songs, and receive small gifts which are then divided among the singers at the end of their visiting. The picture shows this division in front of St. Andrew’s Church.